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Indiana University Bloomington

Doctoral Programs

1960 Notable

From 1960-2013, we prepared nearly 1,200 men and women
for rewarding academic careers — that’s more than any other university.

Journal Articles

Anxiety and Performance: An Endogenous Learning-By-Doing Model

2006, International Economic Review

Michael T. Rauh, Giulio Seccia


In this article, we show that a standard economic model, the endogenous learning-by-doing model, captures several major themes from the anxiety literature in psychology. In our model, anxiety is a fully endogenous construct that can be separated naturally into its cognitive and physiological components. As such, our results are directly comparable with hypotheses and evidence from psychology. We show that anxiety can serve a motivating function, which suggests potential applications in the principal–agent literature.


Rauh, Michael T. and G. Seccia, (2006), “Anxiety and Performance: An Endogenous Learning-By-Doing Model,” International Economic Review, Vol . 47, No. 2, pp. 583-609.